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Name:         Manihar Dhawal

With a sprint race going in the world for advanced technology India has also geared up its game with it the Launch of 5G on 1st October 2022 at Pragati Maidan, Delhi at IMC 2022. The Launch was done by our Honourable PM Narendra Modi. The Stage was also shared by Industrialists such as Mukesh Ambani, Sunil Mittal, Kumar Mangalam Birla and also our Electronics and Information Technology Minister Shri Ashwini Vaishnaw. With the launch, India is 71st country to launch 5G. “India may have started a little late, but will definitely finish first” quoted Mukesh Ambani.

A common man may think of uses of 5G till a better download speed but the Launch of 5G is also a big step towards a better defence of the nations which is actually the need of the hour as the nation is still facing a heated face off with China at Arunachal. The ballistic missile and satellite tracking ship, ‘Yuan Wang 5’ which docked at the Hambantota port after a controversial six-day visit showed how technologically also China is miles ahead of India.

A common man may think of uses of 5G till a better download speed but the Launch of 5G is also a big step towards a better defence of the nations which is actually the need of the hour as the nation is still facing a heated face off with China at Arunachal. The ballistic missile and satellite tracking ship, ‘Yuan Wang 5’ which docked at the Hambantota port after a controversial six-day visit showed how technologically also China is miles ahead of India.

With launch of 5G India is ready to equip its latest drones for better utilization with better control in Real-Time, 4K feed which is still not available in latest tech drones, is now possible with 5G. And Drones technology is for sure going to be the face of future attack and defence for military warfare. Our Latest neck jewel INS VIKRANT have 2500 KM long cables running through it and have 7500 Nautical Miles range to detect sea activities. Basically, the networks like 4G and 5G are used for communication in militaries. They can transmit voice, data, videos and position location. Many advanced weapons like UAVs, missiles, swarm drones, command and control centres today use 4G technologies.

Let’s have a look at them one by one.

1. 5G in Hypersonic Weapons

Hypersonic missiles travel at a very fast speed of more than Mach 5. They need to be guided on variable trajectories, change their direction in order to dodge interceptor missiles. For this enormous amount of data needs to be transferred in fractions of second. 5G can better manage such transfer of data.

2. 5G in Hypersonic Missile Defence

If a Hypersonic weapon is approaching towards a city, ship, or a military base, it has time of less than one minute to react to it. Detecting the projectile, tracking it and launching air defence measures also require transfer of enormous data within seconds.

3. 5G in Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)

ISR systems will be improved enormously with 5G. For example, current drones cannot stream 4K videos. With 5G, drones will be able to live stream real time 4K videos, do better object recognition and faster data transmission.

4. 5G In Battle Networks

Modern militaries rely on data connected war fighters. It includes interconnected soldiers, vehicles, command post, ships, satellites, planes, etc. They require transmission of voice, data, imagery, and signals. High speed capacity of 5G technology can make such real time communication possible.

5. 5G In Battlefield Wearables

5G can enable MMTC technology i.e., massive machine type communication. In this system, up to 1 million devices can operate seamlessly in an area of 1 square kilometre. Thus, every soldier can carry numerous smart devices with him on the battlefield. Thus, they can have better situational awareness, better communication, and enhanced capabilities. The upcoming exoskeleton program will also be having this element of 5G technology.

Drawbacks or Hurdles in Using 5G Technology in Military

  • As per some experts, the 5G network has less ability to penetrate walls, rains as well as foliage very well.
  • Short-range of 5G network towers/ radiators- This requires the setting up of a large number of towers to provide uninterrupted connectivity. Both stationary, as well as mobile towers, are required. It is challenging to deploy such networks in remote areas where Indian armed forces operate. These include high altitudes, oceans, jungles, mountains, etc.
  • Data security- 5G networks are inherently a little difficult to hack due to their short ranges. But still, it’s susceptible to Electronic Warfare jamming and electronic threats from nearby transmitters.
  • “5G technology will have profound impact on military applications. Its role is not limited just to communication but it will make soldiers and weapons much more lethal. 5G technology is going to bring significant progress in military technology.”

    -Manihar Dhawal

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